How To Maintain Your Ride
Electric scooter maintenance is relatively straight forward and simple for BLDC hub motor models. It is considerably less than their chain driven counterparts. Since the vast majority of scooters use hub motors nowadays this section will be dedicated to that specific type. We will break it down to regularity and components for flow and ease of understanding.
Go through this quick pre-ride checklist every couple of days
1. Tires - Check your tire pressure weekly and pump if necessary. Most tires pump up to 40-50psi. the max. allowed pressure is printed on the side wall of the tire. Replace your tires if the profile is worn. Depending on the tire and your mileage clocked it can last you anywhere from 6 month to 3 years.
Badly Worn Tire
Related article: Tires
2. Brakes - Brake pads are wear and tear parts which need to be replaced regularly. Depending on your type of brake/pads and riding style they can last anywhere from 500-3000km. See the below images for new/worn disc and v-brake pads respectively:
Mechanical Brakes: Adjust the cable tension or replace the pads if the brake levers become spongy.
Hydraulic Brakes: Check for oil leaks at the calipers and brake levers. Re-install the brake hose and re-bleed the system if needed. Replace the pads if they were contaminated by hydraulic oil.
Related Article: Brakes
3. Bearings - There are usually 3 sets of bearings in an electric scooter: Front wheel, rear wheel and steering tube. The wheel bearings are mostly sealed making it very hard to service them but do not worry, they are designed to last a fairly long time. Replace when they become noisy or you feel a noticeable increase in resistance when spinning your wheel. The same goes for the bearing in the steering tube (this one is not sealed though).
4. Battery and electronics in general - First things first, electronics and water don't match! In the unfortunate event that you scooter got wet you should disconnect the battery from the system asap. This is to minimise the risk of short circuits happening. Most batteries are located inside the deck so you will have to open that up to disconnect it. Once disconnected remove as much moisture as possible and leave the scooter to dry for a couple of days. To speed up the process you can open up connectors to dry them manually with the help of a hair dryer.
The battery itself does not need any maintenance. One thing to note is the storage voltage when not using the scooter for longer periods (>2 weeks). Ensure it's at 40-50% of it's capacity. Example: 48V rated battery, ~55V full charge, ~42V empty, 47-48V storage charge
5. Lights - Front white, rear red! Make sure your lights are working before riding at night. Charge the batteries if needed
Related Article: Lights